A source of sodium in glazes creating a brilliant colour response similar to that of potassium. Due to its high solubility however, it is more commonly used in the preparation of frits. It is also used as a glaze constituent of Egyptian Paste. Sometimes used as a casting slip deflocculent.
An active flux usually used in small amounts in glazes. It is particularly useful where low expansion glazes are required. Also has been used in calcined form to produce flame proof bodies
Use as a safe Barium Carbonate substitute. Most glazes will accept Strontium Carbonate as a substitute. Glazes for low temperature vitreous bodies can be aided through the use of strontia. Viscous zirconium containing glazes can be smoothed out with the addition of strontia. The added fluidity with strontia when replacing calcium and/or barium promotes interface reaction, improving glaze fit, glaze hardness and scratch resistance.
Used as a flux in bodies, particularly those fired at a low temperature. A secondary flux in both high and low temperature glazes. In large quantities it produces typical magnesium glaze effects i.e. opaque appearance with a matt surface. It also produces interesting colour variations with cobalt and manganese.
Add to most casting bodies at 10% to achieve beautiful Terra Cotta
The most widely used and effective opacifying material, giving results that are consistently even. Produces a soft-blue-white in both low and high temperature glazes. 4-7% additions will produce semi-opaque glazes and 8-10% will give full opacity.
A glaze additive producing a creamy white colour with a semi-matt surface. Slow cooling assists the crystallization which produces opacity. It is widely used in crystalline glazes.
A purer form of crystalline Whiting. The main source of calcium in bodies and glazes and the most commonly used flux in high temperature glazes. It also lends hardness and durability but used in excess it produces a dull matt or rough surface (30-50%) especially in low fired glazes. Under reducing conditions it assists in the development of celadon colour.
Useful as a flux in the middle to high temperature ranges; in small amounts is very active, contributing to a smooth, even and trouble-free glaze. However, glazes which rely mainly on zinc as a flux have a tendency to crawl and may also be subject to pitting and pin holing. When used in large quantities it produces opacity, matt finishes and dryness of texture (5-15%). Zinc Oxide contributes greatly to opacity when used in conjunction with zirconium (1-4%). A material that can have a number of effects on the performance of a glaze. It is the only source of zinc for glazes and in small quantitiescan alleviate crazing problems and increases the firing range. In larger quantities it can be used to supplement opacifiers such as tin. Above 10% it develops a cool white, crystalline matt surface. It does not opacify those glazes containing boron.
Zirconium Silicate/ Zircosil 5
A very fine version of zirconium silicate, a 6-9% addition produces semi-opaque glazes.